WaterWater is the essence of life. We all depend on water. Six billion of us need it for drinking, growing food and keeping clean. It is the single most valuable resource we have. We know when we have a problem with water - when we have to fetch it from far away, when we must carry heavy containers long distances, when there is not enough to go round, or when it is dirty and unsafe to drink.
Useful water is scarce. Only 2.5% of the world’s water is fresh and of that, 99% is frozen in icebergs or hidden deep underground. Large areas of Africa receive little rainfall for much of the year, so even though Africa covers 20% of the world’s land area, it only has 9% of global freshwater resources. Most Africans use only a fraction of the water available each day to people in industrialised countries. When water is easily available, especially when it arrives through a tap, it is easy to waste by using it carelessly. In Africa, people who have water piped to their houses use three times as much as households without. Some parts of Africa suffer terrible droughts. Finding ways to conserve and manage the water that is available is vitally important.
It’s also vital that the water we drink is clean. Dirty water carries diseases. Around the world, six thousand children die every day from diarrhoea, simply due to lack of clean water. Not everyone knows that dirty water is linked to disease or understands how to prevent their own supplies from becoming contaminated.
This topic also contains lots of information on ways to keep water supplies safe.
DOWNLOAD: EXCERPTS FROM AFRICA OUR HOME
DOWNLOAD: WATER ACTION SHEETS
DOWNLOAD: WATER ACTIVITIES
|ACTIVITIES FOR EDUCATORS|
|To get further details of helpful organisations listed in the Action Sheets see the Water section of the PACE DIRECTORY.
|A COMMUNITY SPRING - Lewa Wildlife Conservancy, Kenya
|MAKING WATER SAFE TO DRINK - Solar Cookers International, Kenya
|HARVESTING WATER AT HOME - Practical Action, Kenya
|HARVESTING WATER ON THE FARM - ICRAF (World Agroforestry Centre), Kenya
|ECOSAN TOILETS - Environmental Engineering and Pollution Control Organisation, Tanzania